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Backgammon being played in Medieval times

1 :立川の名無しさん : 2021/03/31(水) 14:03:18
The oldest and greatest of games, Backgammon has a long and very intriguing history - it has been known by
many different names and variants for more than 5,000 years!
Archaeological evidence unearthed in the year 2004 -
specifically the oldest known board, made of ebony with playing pieces
of agate and turquoise stone - shows that a variant of the game was first played about 5,200 years ago in the
legendary Burnt City of the Sistan-Baluchistan province in southeastern Iran.
The second oldest backgammon board, about 5,000
years old, was discovered in 1926 by archaeologist Sir Charles Leonard Woolley in the digs of the Royal
Tombs of Ur of the Chaldees,
an ancient city of southern Mesopotamia built by the Sumerians, the same civilization credited for the invention of the wheel,
the first written language and the first known math system.
Variants of backgammon were played later by many early cultures, in China, India, Egypt, Greece
and Rome from where it spread to numerous countries to enjoy eras of
immense popularity and earn the title of "The King of Games". In some societies it could only be played by the upper class, aristocracy and royalty and thus is also known as "The Game of Kings



2 :立川の名無しさん : 2021/03/31(水) 14:06:10
Later backgammon reached Europe, to England, France, Spain, Italy and Holland. The modern game of backgammon is alleged to have stemmed from a version called tables played
in 17th century England, one that evolved
into a game where doublets were played twice and one would win twice or triple the stakes when an opponent
would fail to remove or get home any of his checkers.
Certain passages in literature indicate the name backgammon was first used around the mid-1600s although the exact origin of the word is not clear. It may have come from the
Welsh words baec (back) and cammaun (battle) or possibly the Middle English words of baec (back) and gamen (game).



3 :立川の名無しさん : 2021/03/31(水) 14:11:21
The famous writer of games, Edmond Hoyle, published a treatise on backgammon in 1745 with a set of rules, and even some strategy tips, that still
ring true today.
Then in the 1920s, the invention of the doubling cube by an unknown player in New York City
upped the stakes and sparked new interest and excitement to the game. Backgammon became quite popular in that era and in 1931 the New York Racquet
and Tennis Club's backgammon
committee, headed by Wheaton Vaughan, wrote a set of backgammon rules that are the actual source of the standard rules used internationally today.



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